To persevere, the last NASA spacecraft to land on Mars since last February, the successes are following each other. NASA just announced its first new: an on-board instrument that just produced oxygen using the elements available on site.
If guys will someday Then, they will need to learn how to produce In the region. Using elements from this world’s environment. With this in mind what NASA engineers had imagined Experience using oxygen Mars resources on site. a The battery size of the car, affectionately named Moxie, was transported to the Red Planet by the persistent rover.
And on this Tuesday, April 20, it is tested for the first time. Successfully. Moxie shifted the oxygen fraction (O) of the substrate from, a Rich in carbon dioxide (CO2). Produce about five grams – just enough to allow an astronaut to breathe for 10 minutes.
« Moxie still has to make it happen, but the results of this tech demonstration are promising as we move towards our goal of seeing humans someday on Mars. ”Jim Reuter, co-director of NASA’s Space Technology Missions, at A. . “Oxygen isn’t just what we breathe in. Our motivations Dependent on oxygen, and future explorers will depend on producing oxygen on Mars to return home. “
Before continuing, let’s take a look at some of the numbers. NASA claims that the rocket needs 25 tons of oxygen to launch from the surface of Mars and seven tons of fuel to return to Earth. To produce that much oxygen, you’ll need a ton of Moxie. While one hangs to the right of the front It weighs less than 20 kg. But it should be noted that for a whole year a human colonizer will spend on Mars, they will consume only one ton of oxygen.
Another huge first step: converting carbon dioxide into oxygen on Mars. By working on the ground with what is already there, MOXIE has shown it can be done!
Future explorers will need to generate oxygen for rocket fuel and to breathe on the red planet. https://t.co/9sjZT9KeOR
– NASA’s Perseverance on Mars (@ NASAPersevere) April 21, 2021
The oxygen production cycles have yet to come
Note that a processAtoms occur at temperatures around 800 degrees Celsius. So Moxie was designed accordingly. Of the parts in Nickel that heats and cools the gases that pass through it, a Which helps to retain heat and a thin layer of gold prevents it from radiating outward thus damaging other parts of perseverance.
Now that the first test has been successfully completed, the production processes will continue as follows. The first stage will be used to verify instrument operation and characterization. The second stage will operate the device in different weather conditions, such as different times of the day and different seasons. In the third stage, the engineers calculate ” Maximum “ By trying new operating modes, for example.